You are not alone if you are unclear about PCOS diagnosis of PCOS in general. The science behind the syndrome’s emergence is still not fully understood.
Your amazement at learning that PCOS affects between 5% and 20% of women globally between the ages of 15 and 49. Let’s get straight to it and learn everything you need about PCOS for people who struggle to obtain the answers they require from a virtual medical receptionist.
What exactly is PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)?
An imbalance of reproductive hormones contributes to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), often called a polycystic ovarian syndrome. Ovarian issues get brought on by hormonal imbalance. A healthy menstrual cycle involves the release of an egg from the ovaries each month. The egg might not grow properly, or – it might not be released during ovulation as it should be in PCOS.
Menstrual periods may be skipped or irregular as a result of PCOS. Irregular periods may result in the following:
- Cyst formation in the ovaries, which are tiny sacs packed with fluid
What causes PCOS?
It’s unclear what exactly causes PCOS. Insulin resistance is common in PCOS patients. It indicates poor insulin use by the body. The body’s insulin levels rise, which may lead to greater androgen levels. In addition to raising insulin levels, obesity can exacerbate PCOS symptoms. Please treat them with virtual assistant healthcare.
What PCOS signs and symptoms are there?
PCOS symptoms can include:
- irregular or very light periods, missed periods, or both
- Having large or many cystic ovaries
- a surplus of body hair, especially on the chest, stomach, and back (hirsutism)
- gaining weight, particularly around the midsection (abdomen)
- oily skin or breakouts
- baldness or hair loss with a male pattern
- A few flaps of extra skin in the armpits or on the neck (skin tags), the back of the neck, beneath the breasts, and the armpits patches of dark or thick skin.
Call your doctor for a diagnosis if you are experiencing weight gain, acne, increased hair growth, or missed or irregular periods.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
A single test is not available to identify PCOS. Your doctor may discuss your medical history with you, conduct a physical exam, pelvic exam, blood test, pelvic ultrasound (sonogram), and various tests to help identify PCOS, and rule out other potential reasons for your symptoms.
Initially, tests get carried out to rule out any other conditions, such as adrenal diseases or ovarian tumors with endocrine activity, that can resemble the symptoms of PCOS. Since PCOS patients’ ovaries are frequently massive and adorned with numerous cysts, ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis. But the lack of these results does not rule out PCOS.
Treatment of PCOS
What drugs get prescribed for PCOS treatment?
For PCOS, several drugs may get recommended. Although birth control is not a panacea, it gets recommended as the first line of defense in conjunction with dietary and lifestyle modifications. Anti-androgen and anti-diabetic drugs to assist with balance hormones are two more drugs that may get administered for PCOS. Your therapy may involve the following if you do not intend to become pregnant:
- Contraceptive tablets.
- Medicines for diabetes.
- A shift in diet and exercise.
- Medications for other symptom treatments.
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