Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For some people, hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it lasts more than six months.
Having chronic hepatitis B increases your risk of developing liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis a condition that permanently scars of the liver
Most adults with hepatitis B recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are more likely to develop a chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis B infection.
A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B, but there’s no cure if you have the condition. If you’re infected, taking certain precautions can help prevent spreading the virus to others.
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Signs and symptoms of hepatitis B range from mild to severe.
They usually appear about one to four months after you’ve been infected, although you could see them as early as two weeks post-infection. Some people, usually young children, may not have any symptoms.
Hepatitis B signs and symptoms may include:
- Abdominal pain
- Dark urine
- Joint pain
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weakness and fatigue
- Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids.
It does not spread by sneezing or coughing.
$xxual contact. You may get hepatitis B if you have unprotected $xx with someone who is infected. The virus can pass to you if the person’s blood, saliva, semen or vaginal secretions enter your body.
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