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Nosebleeds are common. They may be scary, but they rarely indicate a serious medical problem. The nose contains many blood vessels, which are located close to the surface in the front and back of the nose. They’re very fragile and bleed easily. Nosebleeds are common in adults and children between the ages of 3 and 10.

There are two kinds of nosebleeds;An Anterior nosebleed and Posterior nosebleeds.

  • Anterior nosebleeds are usually characterized by light bleeding that occurs in the front part of the nose and runs out through either of the two nostrils.

    Most cases of anterior nosebleeds are fairly mild, are non-threatening, and can easily be treated through simple self-care measures at home. There may be a backflow of small amounts of blood from the nose down the throat, but it is rarely anything to worry about.

  • Posterior nosebleeds, as the name suggests, start at the back of the nose and are relatively more serious than anterior. This condition usually involves fairly heavy bleeding that may trickle down both the nostrils.


 Cold Compress

A cold compress or an ice pack may help stop the blood flow by shrinking the blood vessels inside the nose.

  1. Wrap a few ice cubes in a towel or cloth.
  2. Tilt your head back while sitting up straight.
  3. Apply the ice pack on the bony nasal bridge of your nose for 5 – 10 minutes.
  4. Repeat the process until the bleeding stops.

 Pinching the Nose

Perhaps the most common way to stop a regular nosebleed is to apply pressure to the source of bleeding on the nasal septum. The pinch-the-nose strategy works on the same principle and almost always yields quick results.

  1. Sit with your spine erect, and your head tipped slightly forward.
  2. Firmly pinch the soft cartilage portion of the nose located just below the bony bridge with your thumb and index finger.
  3. Hold this position continuously for at least 10 – 12 minutes.
  4. Breathe through your mouth and try to stay calm.
  5. Now, slowly release the pressure from your nose.
  6. Sit quietly and rest for 5 minutes; do not pick or blow your nose as this could cause the bleeding to recur.
  7. If the bleeding continues, squeeze your nose for an additional 10 minutes.
  8. Repeat the process until the bleeding stops.

Self-Care Tips

  • Avoid exerting your body or doing any kind of heavy lifting after a recent nosebleed, as the undue physical strain can trigger another episode.
  • If you feel like you are about to break into a sneeze, open your mouth fully to let it out. This helps minimize the pressure on the nasal cavity.
  • The need to maintain an optimum fluid intake cannot be stressed enough, as this is one of the foundational steps for keeping the nasal membranes along with the rest of your body hydrated.
  • Breathing in steam while taking a warm shower may help soothe your irritated nasal membranes.
  • Application of petroleum jelly to the inner lining of the nose may be protective to some degree, as it helps protect the dried-up inner cavity of your nose.
  • Consume a healthy, well-balanced diet to keep your blood vessels in the best of shape. This entails eating foods rich in vitamins C and K and bioflavonoids.
  • Increase your iron intake via foods such as spinach, meats, and legumes to increase your hemoglobin levels.
  • Foods that are rich in zinc may help build and strengthen your blood vessels and keep them from rupturing under pressure. To that end, it may help to eat more brown rice, whole-wheat bread, and other such zinc-heavy foods.
  • If you are prone to nosebleeds, avoid the use of blood thinners. If you cannot exclude such drugs from your ongoing treatment, do let your doctor know if you encounter nosebleeds after using them so that he/she can prescribe you a more suitable alternative.
  • Limit your consumption of fried, greasy, and spicy foods.
  • If you are a smoker and have a tendency for nosebleeds, it is best to quit the habit at the earliest. Smoking irritates the nasal mucosa and makes it more vulnerable to damage. Keep yourself protected from secondhand smoke as well.



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