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Causes Of Dark Circles Under The Eyes





Fatigue can occur as a consequence of sleep deprivation, physical and mental exertion, or even oversleeping. All of these can cause dark circles under your eyes. Deprivation of sleep can cause your eyes to look puffy and make the skin look pale over time. This can make the dark circles more apparent.


In most cases, as you become older, dark circles appear as a result of excessive pigmentation. When you grow old, the skin around your eyes can become thinner and lose collagen. This, in turn, increases the visibility of the dark blood vessels underneath your skin.

Straining Your Eyes:

Strain to your eyes due to excessive use of computers, phones, television, etc. can lead to an enlargement in the blood vessels around your eyes, thereby causing dark circles.


An allergic reaction to harmful bacteria makes your body release histamines that can lead to the dilation of blood vessels. This increases their visibility on your skin, making the area around your eyes look darker than usual.


Inadequate hydration can make your skin look pale and dull. Your eyes can have a sunken appearance, making the skin in the surrounding area look darker.

Exposure To The Sun:

Your skin can overproduce melanin on exposure to the sun for long periods. This may lead to pigmentation in the skin around your eyes.

History Of Dark Circles:

A family history of dark circles might indicate that you can also have them later in life. Underlying conditions, such as thyroid disease, can also cause dark circles.

Symptoms Of Dark Circles

  • Gradual appearance of a dark patch under your eyes
  • Tiredness arising from sleeplessness
  • Stress and weakness
  • The area under the lower eyelid looks puffy, and eye bags begin to form.
  • Cyanosis: Sometimes, your body is incapable of transporting oxygen-rich blood to various parts of your body. This can result in a bluish tint being imparted to your skin. It can be observed in the mucous membranes, lips, around the eyes, and nails.

Natural Ways To Minimize Dark Circles Under Eyes

1. Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet almond oil has sclerosant as well as emollient properties . It may help reduce the appearance of blood vessels underneath your skin by improving your skin tone.

How To Use:

Dab 2-3 drops of sweet almond oil on a cotton ball. Apply it to the dark circles and massage into your skin. Leave it on overnight and wash off in the morning. Do this every night before sleeping until the dark circles fade.

2. Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe Vera gel contains aloesin, a compound that inhibits tyrosinase activity . This can help in preventing excessive pigmentation on your skin. It can also hydrate the skin in the surrounding area and make it supple.

How To Use:

Take a teaspoon of aloe Vera gel and massage it into the affected area. Leave it on overnight and wash it off in the morning. You can follow this every night until the dark circles fade.

3. Cucumber

Cucumber contains bioactive compounds and vitamins that can inhibit tyrosinase activity . This can help reduce pigmentation around the eyes.

How To Use:

You will need one cucumber and a teaspoon of aloe vera gel. Blend the ingredients to make a thick paste. Apply this paste to the affected areas and leave it on for 15 minutes. Wash off with plain water. You can apply this paste once every day.

4. Tomato

Tomatoes are rich in phytochemicals like lycopene and beta-carotene that mitigate oxidative damage to skin tissues and reduce erythema (redness) of skin . This can help get rid of the dark circles that develop under the eyes.

How To Use:

Make a paste by blending a tomato and lemon juice. Apply this around your eyes and leave it on for 20 minutes. Rinse it off thoroughly. Do this once or twice a week.

Note: Lemon juice can cause a stinging sensation on your skin, so you must do a patch test before trying this remedy.

5. Lemon Juice

Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C. Vitamin C exhibits anti-pigmentary properties and may help increase the dermal thickness under the eyes . This can help conceal the blood vessels that become visible due to the thinning of the skin and lighten dark circles.

How To Use:

Extract the juice of fresh lemon. Dab a cotton ball in this juice and apply it to the dark circles. Leave it on for 15 minutes and wash off. Repeat this remedy twice a week for 3-4 weeks.

6. Yogurt

Yogurt contains L-cysteine that inhibits tyrosinase activity and prevents pigmentation and dark circles .

How To Use:

Add a teaspoon of lemon juice to two teaspoons of yogurt. Mix well, apply this paste to the dark circles, and leave it on for 15-20 minutes. Wash it off. You can do this at least twice a week.

Note: Lemon can irritate some skin types. Make sure to carry out a patch test before trying out this remedy.

7. Potato

Potato juice contains azelaic acid that can inhibit tyrosinase activity to reduce pigmentation . This may help in fading dark circles.

How To Use:

Extract about 1-2 tablespoons of potato juice in a bowl. Apply the juice on the dark circles and leave it on until it dries. Rinse off with water. Do this at least twice a week.

8. Honey

Honey contains polyphenols that inhibit tyrosinase activity . This can help reduce excessive pigmentation and fade dark circles.

How To Use:

Mix a teaspoon of lemon juice with a tablespoon of honey. Apply this mixture to the skin surrounding your eyes and leave for about 10-15 minutes. Rinse thoroughly with water. Repeat this once a day until the dark circles fade.

9. Green Tea Bags

Green tea contains phenolic compounds that inhibit melanogenesis .

This may help prevent excessive pigmentation of the skin and reduce dark circles.

How To Use:

Take two green tea bags and soak them in water. Refrigerate for a short while and place them on your eyes. Wash your face after 10-15 minutes. You can repeat daily until the dark circles fade away.

10. Grapeseed Oil

Grapeseed oil contains bioactive compounds that can inhibit melanogenesis . This may help reduce pigmentation and dark circles.

How To Use:

Take 2-3 drops of grapeseed oil and gently massage it into the skin surrounding your lower eyelids. Leave it on overnight and wash off the next morning. You can repeat this every night for a few weeks.

Prevention Tips For Dark Circles

  • Get adequate rest if you indulge in high-intensity workouts or activity.
  • Ensure that you get at least 7 hours of sleep every day.
  • Staying hydrated can ensure that your skin retains the moisture it needs, which keeps it supple.
  • Supplementing your diet with nutritionally rich foods can increase collagen synthesis and repair the skin around your eyes and also eliminate pigmentation.

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