Convulsions, also known as seizures, in babies and young children can be terrifying for parents, and to be safe you should seek emergency help.
However, convulsions often don’t cause serious health problems. In toddlers,though rare, fevers can sometimes trigger convulsions.
A convulsion occurs when a person’s muscles contract uncontrollably. They can continue for a few seconds or many minutes.
Convulsions can happen to a specific part of a person’s body or may affect their whole body.
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Causes of seizures can include:
- Abnormal levels of sodium or glucose in the blood.
- Brain infection, including meningitis and encephalitis.
- Brain injury that occurs to the baby during labor or childbirth.
- Brain problems that occur before birth (congenital brain defects)
- Brain tumor (rare)
- Drug abuse.
- Electric shock.
Seizure Prevention Tips
Here are some tips that may help reduce your risk of having an epilepsy seizure:
- Get plenty of sleep each night
- Learn stress management and relaxation techniques.
- Avoid drugs and alcohol.
- Take all of your medications as prescribed by your doctor.
- Avoid bright, flashing lights and other visual stimuli.
- Skip TV and computer time whenever possible.
- Avoid playing video games.
- Eat a healthy diet.
What to do if a person is experiencing convulsions
If a person is experiencing convulsions over most of their body, there are various first-aid practices someone can do to help them.
- Place your child on the floor on his or her side and clear away objects that are in close proximity.
- Loosen tight clothing surrounding the head or neck.
- Don’t put anything in your child’s mouth or try to stop the convulsion unless your pediatrician has told you what to do.
- If your child vomits, move him onto his side and clear out his mouth.
- Don’t try to hold your child down or restrain his movements.
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